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Introductory geotechnical engineering : an environmental perspective / Hsai-Yang Fang and John L. Daniels.

By: Fang, Hsai-Yang.
Contributor(s): Daniels, John, 1974.
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookPublisher: [s.l.] : Routledge, 2011Description: XXIX, 574 p. : il. ; 24 cm.ISBN: 0415304016 (hardback : alk. paper); 0415304024 (pbk. : alk. paper).Subject(s): GEOTECNIA AMBIENTAL | INGENIERÍA GEOTÉCNICADDC classification: 624.151
Contents:
INTRODUCTORY GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING An Environmental Perspective TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface 1. INTRODUCTION TO GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Need to study Geotechnical Engineering from an Environmental Perspective 1.3 Environmental Geotechnology and Geoenvironmental Engineering 1.4 The Particle-Energy-Field Theory 1.5 Particle Energy Field and Environment 1.6 Particle Behavior Under Load 1.7 Particle Behavior In Multimedia Energy Fields 1.8 Justification and Application of The Particle-Energy-Field Theory 1.9 Soil Testing 1.10 Data Collection and Presentation 1.11 Summary Problems 2. NATURE OF SOIL AND ROCK 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Rocks and Their Classification 2.3 Soil as a Natural System 2.4 Soil Texture, Strata, Profile and Horizon 2.5 Soil Consistency and Indices 2.6 Classification Systems of Soil 2.7 Chemical Composition of Natural Soils 2.8 Characteristics of Granular Soils 2.9 Silica-Sesquioxide Ratio (SSR) of Soil-Water System 2.10 Identification and Characterization of Contaminated Soils 2.11 Some Special Soil Types and Problematic Soils 2.12 Summary Problems 3. GRANULAR SOIL, COHESIVE SOIL AND CLAY MINERALS 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Air-Water-Solid Relationship 3.3 Geometric Relationships of Granular Soil Systems 3.4 Packings of Particles and Their Primary Structure 3.5 Mechanical Behavior of Granular Systems 3.6 Cohesive Soil Systems 3.7 Fundamentals of Clay Mineralogy 3.8 Clay-Water-Electrolyte System 3.9 Clay Minerals 3.10 Homoionic, Pure and Man-made Soils 3.11 Summary Problems 4. SOIL-WATER INTERACTION IN THE ENVIRONMENT 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Mechanisms and Reactions of Soil-Water Interaction 4.3 Structures and Properties of Water Substances 4.4 Shrinkage, Swelling and Heat of Wetting of Soils 4.5 Water Intake Ability and Sorption 4.6 Adsorption Phenomena 4.7 Ion Exchange Capacity and Ion Exchange Reactions 4.8 Osmotic and Reversed Osmotic Phenomena 4.9 Soil-Water-Air Interaction in the Environment 4.10 Sensitivity of Soil to Environment 4.11 Geomorphic Process of Soil (Aging Process) 4.12 Bacterial Attack and Corrosion Process 4.13 Summary Problems 5. HYDRAULIC CONDUCTION PHENOMENA 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Infiltration, Percolation and Retention 5.3 Capillarity Phenomena 5.4 Hydraulic Conductivity 5.5 Stress, Pressure and Energy of Soil-Water System 5.6 Field Pumping Test 5.7 Drainage and Dewatering Systems 5.8 Seepage Flow, Flow Net and Free Water Surface 5.9 Protective Filters 5.10 Creeping Flow and Mass Transport Phenomena 5.11 Soil-Water Suction and Diffusivity 5.12 Diffusion and Migration 5.13 Summary Problems 6. THERMAL AND ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF SOILS 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Measurable Parameters of Heat 6.3 Heat Transfer Process and Soil-Heat Interaction 6.4 Thermal Conductivity and Resistivity 6.5 Effect of Heat on Engineering Properties of Soil 6.6 Effect of Heat on Performance of Soil-Foundation System 6.7 Freezing-Thawing Behavior of Soil 6.8 Electrical Properties and Soil 6.9 Electrical Behavior of Soil-Water System 6.10 Dielectric Constant 6.11 Electrical Conductivity and Resistivity of Soil 6.12 Electrokinetic Phenomena in Soil-Water System 6.13 Thermo-Electromagnetic Phenomena 6.14 Summary Problems 7. SOIL COMPACTION (DENSIFICATION) 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Unit Weight and Moisture Content Relationship 7.3 Soil Compaction Theories and Mechanisms 7.4 Characteristics of Compacted Soil 7.5 Factors Affecting Compacted Soil 7.6 Field Compaction 7.7 Field Compaction Controlling Methods 7.8 Field Deep Compaction and Mass Compaction 7.9 Compaction by Blasting Techniques 7.10 Soil Densification by an Electrical Process 7.11 Summary Problems 8. CRACKING-FRACTURE-TENSILE BEHAVIOR OF SOILS 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Soil Cracking Mechanisms and Types 8.3 Soil Cracking Patterns 8.4 Soil Cracking-Fracture Interaction 8.5 Cracking-Fracture Characteristics of Contaminated Soils 8.6 Application of Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics 8.7 Laboratory Fracture Load Tests 8.8 Applications of Cracking-Fracture Data 8.9 Tensile Strength of Soil 8.10 Tensile Characteristics of Compacted Soil 8.11 Environmental Factors Affecting Tensile Strength 8.12 Summary Problems 9. CONSOLIDATION, STRESS DISTRIBUTION AND SETTLEMENT 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Consolidation Phenomena and Mechanisms 9.3 Terzaghi's One-dimensional Consolidation Theory 9.4 Overconsolidated Clays 9.5 Consolidation Characteristics of Contaminated Soil Deposits 9.6 Vertical Stress and Pressure Distribution 9.7 Settlement Analysis 9.8 Immediate Settlement 9.9 Consolidation Settlement 9.10 Settlement Estimation under Environmental Conditions 9.11 Summary Problems 10. STRESS-STRAIN-STRENGTH OF SOIL 10.1 Introduction 10.2 Constitutive Modeling of Soils 10.3 Failure Criteria 10.4 Prefailure Characteristics of Soils 10.5 Laboratory Shear Tests 10.6 Triaxial Shear Test 10.7 Unconfined Compression Test and Undrained Shear Strength 10.8 Friction Force and Angle of Internal Friction 10.9 Sensitivity, Creep, Thixotropy and other Shear Phenomena of Soils 10.10 Field Shear Strength Tests 10.11 Shear Characteristics of Granular Soils 10.12 Shear Characteristics of Normally and Overconsolidated Clays 10.13 Residual Shear Strength of Clay 10.14 Genetic Diagnosis Approach for Evaluation of Shear Strength of Soil 10.15 Summary Problems 11. DYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF SOIL 11.1 Introduction 11.2 Earthquake, Earthquake Loading and Measurements 11.3 Liquefaction Phenomena and Characteristics of Granular Soil 11.4 Liquefaction Phenomena and Characteristics of Clay-like Soil 11.5 Dynamic Shear Characteristics of Contaminated Fine-grained Soil 11.6 Earthquake Effects on Structures and Design Considerations 11.7 Wind and Rain Dynamics 11.8 Wave and Current Dynamics 11.9 Dynamics of Water Surface Current 11.10 Machine Vibration 11.11 Other Dynamic Loadings 11.12 Measurement of the Safe-limits Under Dynamic Loading 11.13 Summary Problems 12. BEARING CAPACITY OF SHALLOW FOUNDATION 12.1 Introduction 12.2 Ground Stability Analysis 12.3 Loads and Allowable Loads 12.4 Factor of Safety 12.5 Ultimate and Allowable Bearing Capacity 12.6 Bearing Capacity Determination by Limit Equilibrium Method 12.7 Bearing Capacity for Cohesive Soils 12.8 Bearing Capacity Determined by Limit Analysis Method 12.9 In-situ Measurements of Bearing Capacity of Ground Soil 12.10 Building Codes and Special Soils and Rocks 12.11 Inclined and Eccentric Loads 12.12 Effect of Environmental Conditions on Bearing Capacity 12.13 Techniques for Improvement of Weak Bearing Capacity Ground Soil 12.14 Summary Problems 13. LATERAL EARTH PRESSURES 13.1 Introduction 13.2 Methods for Analysis of Lateral Earth Pressure 13.3 Coulomb Earth Pressure Theory (Wedge Theory) 13.4 Rankine Earth Pressure Theory 13.5 Earth Pressure for Cohesive Soil-The Modified Rankine Theory 13.6 Culmann Graphical Procedures Based on Coulomb Theory 13.7 Lateral Earth Pressure Determined by Elasticity Theory 13.8 Lateral Earth Pressure Determined by Semi-empirical Method 13.9 Wall Stability and Lateral Environmental Pressures 13.10 Coefficient of Earth Pressure at Rest and Other Friction Forces 13.11 In-situ Measurements of Lateral Earth Pressures 13.12 Earth Pressures Around Excavations and Other Special Cases 13.13 Summary Problems 14. EARTH SLOPE STABILITY AND LANDSLIDES 14.1 Introduction 14.2 Factors Affecting Slope Instability 14.3 Slope Failure Phenomena and Mechanisms 14.4 Slope Stability Analysis Methods 14.5 Culmann Method-Straight Line Failure Plane 14.6 Limit Equilibrium Method - Circular Arc Failure Surface 14.7 Infinite Earth Slopes 14.8 Earthquake Loading Effects - Limit Equilibrium Solutions 14.9 Slope Stability Problems Solved by Limit Analysis Methods 14.10 Environmental Effects on Slope Failures and Landslides 14.11 Mudflow and Debris Flow 14.12 Prevention, Control and Remedial Action on Landslides 14.13 Summary Problems 15. FUNDAMENTALS OF GROUND IMPROVEMENT SYSTEMS 15.1 Introduction 15.2 Load-Factor and Environmental-Load-Factor Design Criteria 15.3 Structure-Soil and Soil-Structure Interactions 15.4 Ground Instability Causes, Failure Modes and Classifications 15.5 Ground Improvement Techniques 15.6 Ground Improvement by Composite Structural Systems 15.7 Geosynthetics 15.8 Sheet Piling and Other Types of Walls 15.9 Reinforced Earth Systems 15.10 Geosynthetic-Reinforced Earth Systems 15.11 Anchors, Nailing and Pins 15.12 Pile Foundations 15.13 Drilled Caissons, Piers, Pressure Injection Footings and Others 15.14 Summary Problems 16. SELECTED ENVIRONMENTAL GEOTECHNOLOGY PROBLEMS 16.1 Introduction 16.2 Wetlands and Flood Plain 16.3 Coastal Margins and Marine Deposits 16.4 Saltwater Intrusion, Estuaries and Greenhouse Effects 16.5 Soil Erosion 16.6 Ground Surface Subsidence 16.7 Arid Land and Desert Region 16.8 Dredging Technology and Reclaimed Land 16.9 Municipal Solid Wastes and Landfill Technology 16.10 Hazardous and Radioactive Waste 16.11 Radon Gas 16.12 Waste Control Facilities (Containment Systems) 16.13 Environmental Geotechnology Perspective 16.14 Summary Problems
Summary: La integración y mezcla teoría tradicional de la teoría de partículas de energía de campo, este libro proporciona un marco para el análisis del comportamiento del suelo bajo diversas condiciones ambientales. Este libro explica el por qué y el cómo de la ingeniería geotécnica en un contexto ambiental. El uso de ambos SI y unidades imperiales, los autores se refieren a: la mecánica mecánica de rocas del suelo y las propiedades del suelo hidrogeología y clasificaciones y las cuestiones relativas a la tierra contaminada. Los estudiantes de ingeniería y profesionales civiles, geotécnicas y ambientales no están familiarizados con el concepto de partícula-energía-materia, se encontrarán con que enfoque novedoso de este libro ayuda a aclarar la compleja teoría detrás de geotecnia.
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LIBRO - MATERIAL GENERAL LIBRO - MATERIAL GENERAL Biblioteca Jorge Álvarez Lleras
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INTRODUCTORY GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING
An Environmental Perspective
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Preface
1. INTRODUCTION TO GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Need to study Geotechnical Engineering from an Environmental Perspective
1.3 Environmental Geotechnology and Geoenvironmental Engineering
1.4 The Particle-Energy-Field Theory
1.5 Particle Energy Field and Environment
1.6 Particle Behavior Under Load
1.7 Particle Behavior In Multimedia Energy Fields
1.8 Justification and Application of The Particle-Energy-Field Theory
1.9 Soil Testing
1.10 Data Collection and Presentation
1.11 Summary
Problems
2. NATURE OF SOIL AND ROCK
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Rocks and Their Classification
2.3 Soil as a Natural System
2.4 Soil Texture, Strata, Profile and Horizon
2.5 Soil Consistency and Indices
2.6 Classification Systems of Soil
2.7 Chemical Composition of Natural Soils
2.8 Characteristics of Granular Soils
2.9 Silica-Sesquioxide Ratio (SSR) of Soil-Water System
2.10 Identification and Characterization of Contaminated Soils
2.11 Some Special Soil Types and Problematic Soils
2.12 Summary
Problems
3. GRANULAR SOIL, COHESIVE SOIL AND CLAY MINERALS
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Air-Water-Solid Relationship
3.3 Geometric Relationships of Granular Soil Systems
3.4 Packings of Particles and Their Primary Structure
3.5 Mechanical Behavior of Granular Systems
3.6 Cohesive Soil Systems
3.7 Fundamentals of Clay Mineralogy
3.8 Clay-Water-Electrolyte System
3.9 Clay Minerals
3.10 Homoionic, Pure and Man-made Soils
3.11 Summary
Problems
4. SOIL-WATER INTERACTION IN THE ENVIRONMENT
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Mechanisms and Reactions of Soil-Water Interaction
4.3 Structures and Properties of Water Substances
4.4 Shrinkage, Swelling and Heat of Wetting of Soils
4.5 Water Intake Ability and Sorption
4.6 Adsorption Phenomena
4.7 Ion Exchange Capacity and Ion Exchange Reactions
4.8 Osmotic and Reversed Osmotic Phenomena
4.9 Soil-Water-Air Interaction in the Environment
4.10 Sensitivity of Soil to Environment
4.11 Geomorphic Process of Soil (Aging Process)
4.12 Bacterial Attack and Corrosion Process
4.13 Summary
Problems
5. HYDRAULIC CONDUCTION PHENOMENA
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Infiltration, Percolation and Retention
5.3 Capillarity Phenomena
5.4 Hydraulic Conductivity
5.5 Stress, Pressure and Energy of Soil-Water System
5.6 Field Pumping Test
5.7 Drainage and Dewatering Systems
5.8 Seepage Flow, Flow Net and Free Water Surface
5.9 Protective Filters
5.10 Creeping Flow and Mass Transport Phenomena
5.11 Soil-Water Suction and Diffusivity
5.12 Diffusion and Migration
5.13 Summary
Problems
6. THERMAL AND ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF SOILS
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Measurable Parameters of Heat
6.3 Heat Transfer Process and Soil-Heat Interaction
6.4 Thermal Conductivity and Resistivity
6.5 Effect of Heat on Engineering Properties of Soil
6.6 Effect of Heat on Performance of Soil-Foundation System
6.7 Freezing-Thawing Behavior of Soil
6.8 Electrical Properties and Soil
6.9 Electrical Behavior of Soil-Water System
6.10 Dielectric Constant
6.11 Electrical Conductivity and Resistivity of Soil
6.12 Electrokinetic Phenomena in Soil-Water System
6.13 Thermo-Electromagnetic Phenomena
6.14 Summary
Problems
7. SOIL COMPACTION (DENSIFICATION)
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Unit Weight and Moisture Content Relationship
7.3 Soil Compaction Theories and Mechanisms
7.4 Characteristics of Compacted Soil
7.5 Factors Affecting Compacted Soil
7.6 Field Compaction
7.7 Field Compaction Controlling Methods
7.8 Field Deep Compaction and Mass Compaction
7.9 Compaction by Blasting Techniques
7.10 Soil Densification by an Electrical Process
7.11 Summary
Problems
8. CRACKING-FRACTURE-TENSILE BEHAVIOR OF SOILS
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Soil Cracking Mechanisms and Types
8.3 Soil Cracking Patterns
8.4 Soil Cracking-Fracture Interaction
8.5 Cracking-Fracture Characteristics of Contaminated Soils
8.6 Application of Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics
8.7 Laboratory Fracture Load Tests
8.8 Applications of Cracking-Fracture Data
8.9 Tensile Strength of Soil
8.10 Tensile Characteristics of Compacted Soil
8.11 Environmental Factors Affecting Tensile Strength
8.12 Summary
Problems
9. CONSOLIDATION, STRESS DISTRIBUTION AND SETTLEMENT
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Consolidation Phenomena and Mechanisms
9.3 Terzaghi's One-dimensional Consolidation Theory
9.4 Overconsolidated Clays
9.5 Consolidation Characteristics of Contaminated Soil Deposits
9.6 Vertical Stress and Pressure Distribution
9.7 Settlement Analysis
9.8 Immediate Settlement
9.9 Consolidation Settlement
9.10 Settlement Estimation under Environmental Conditions
9.11 Summary
Problems
10. STRESS-STRAIN-STRENGTH OF SOIL
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Constitutive Modeling of Soils
10.3 Failure Criteria
10.4 Prefailure Characteristics of Soils
10.5 Laboratory Shear Tests
10.6 Triaxial Shear Test
10.7 Unconfined Compression Test and Undrained Shear Strength
10.8 Friction Force and Angle of Internal Friction
10.9 Sensitivity, Creep, Thixotropy and other Shear Phenomena of Soils
10.10 Field Shear Strength Tests
10.11 Shear Characteristics of Granular Soils
10.12 Shear Characteristics of Normally and Overconsolidated Clays
10.13 Residual Shear Strength of Clay
10.14 Genetic Diagnosis Approach for Evaluation of Shear Strength of Soil
10.15 Summary
Problems
11. DYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF SOIL
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Earthquake, Earthquake Loading and Measurements
11.3 Liquefaction Phenomena and Characteristics of Granular Soil
11.4 Liquefaction Phenomena and Characteristics of Clay-like Soil
11.5 Dynamic Shear Characteristics of Contaminated Fine-grained Soil
11.6 Earthquake Effects on Structures and Design Considerations
11.7 Wind and Rain Dynamics
11.8 Wave and Current Dynamics
11.9 Dynamics of Water Surface Current
11.10 Machine Vibration
11.11 Other Dynamic Loadings
11.12 Measurement of the Safe-limits Under Dynamic Loading
11.13 Summary
Problems
12. BEARING CAPACITY OF SHALLOW FOUNDATION
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Ground Stability Analysis
12.3 Loads and Allowable Loads
12.4 Factor of Safety
12.5 Ultimate and Allowable Bearing Capacity
12.6 Bearing Capacity Determination by Limit Equilibrium Method
12.7 Bearing Capacity for Cohesive Soils
12.8 Bearing Capacity Determined by Limit Analysis Method
12.9 In-situ Measurements of Bearing Capacity of Ground Soil
12.10 Building Codes and Special Soils and Rocks
12.11 Inclined and Eccentric Loads
12.12 Effect of Environmental Conditions on Bearing Capacity
12.13 Techniques for Improvement of Weak Bearing Capacity Ground Soil
12.14 Summary
Problems
13. LATERAL EARTH PRESSURES
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Methods for Analysis of Lateral Earth Pressure
13.3 Coulomb Earth Pressure Theory (Wedge Theory)
13.4 Rankine Earth Pressure Theory
13.5 Earth Pressure for Cohesive Soil-The Modified Rankine Theory
13.6 Culmann Graphical Procedures Based on Coulomb Theory
13.7 Lateral Earth Pressure Determined by Elasticity Theory
13.8 Lateral Earth Pressure Determined by Semi-empirical Method
13.9 Wall Stability and Lateral Environmental Pressures
13.10 Coefficient of Earth Pressure at Rest and Other Friction Forces
13.11 In-situ Measurements of Lateral Earth Pressures
13.12 Earth Pressures Around Excavations and Other Special Cases
13.13 Summary
Problems
14. EARTH SLOPE STABILITY AND LANDSLIDES
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Factors Affecting Slope Instability
14.3 Slope Failure Phenomena and Mechanisms
14.4 Slope Stability Analysis Methods
14.5 Culmann Method-Straight Line Failure Plane
14.6 Limit Equilibrium Method - Circular Arc Failure Surface
14.7 Infinite Earth Slopes
14.8 Earthquake Loading Effects - Limit Equilibrium Solutions
14.9 Slope Stability Problems Solved by Limit Analysis Methods
14.10 Environmental Effects on Slope Failures and Landslides
14.11 Mudflow and Debris Flow
14.12 Prevention, Control and Remedial Action on Landslides
14.13 Summary
Problems
15. FUNDAMENTALS OF GROUND IMPROVEMENT SYSTEMS
15.1 Introduction
15.2 Load-Factor and Environmental-Load-Factor Design Criteria
15.3 Structure-Soil and Soil-Structure Interactions
15.4 Ground Instability Causes, Failure Modes and Classifications
15.5 Ground Improvement Techniques
15.6 Ground Improvement by Composite Structural Systems
15.7 Geosynthetics
15.8 Sheet Piling and Other Types of Walls
15.9 Reinforced Earth Systems
15.10 Geosynthetic-Reinforced Earth Systems
15.11 Anchors, Nailing and Pins
15.12 Pile Foundations
15.13 Drilled Caissons, Piers, Pressure Injection Footings and Others
15.14 Summary
Problems
16. SELECTED ENVIRONMENTAL GEOTECHNOLOGY PROBLEMS
16.1 Introduction
16.2 Wetlands and Flood Plain
16.3 Coastal Margins and Marine Deposits
16.4 Saltwater Intrusion, Estuaries and Greenhouse Effects
16.5 Soil Erosion
16.6 Ground Surface Subsidence
16.7 Arid Land and Desert Region
16.8 Dredging Technology and Reclaimed Land
16.9 Municipal Solid Wastes and Landfill Technology
16.10 Hazardous and Radioactive Waste
16.11 Radon Gas
16.12 Waste Control Facilities (Containment Systems)
16.13 Environmental Geotechnology Perspective
16.14 Summary
Problems

La integración y mezcla teoría tradicional de la teoría de partículas de energía de campo, este libro proporciona un marco para el análisis del comportamiento del suelo bajo diversas condiciones ambientales. Este libro explica el por qué y el cómo de la ingeniería geotécnica en un contexto ambiental. El uso de ambos SI y unidades imperiales, los autores se refieren a: la mecánica mecánica de rocas del suelo y las propiedades del suelo hidrogeología y clasificaciones y las cuestiones relativas a la tierra contaminada. Los estudiantes de ingeniería y profesionales civiles, geotécnicas y ambientales no están familiarizados con el concepto de partícula-energía-materia, se encontrarán con que enfoque novedoso de este libro ayuda a aclarar la compleja teoría detrás de geotecnia.

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