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Digital electronics and design with VHDL / Volnei A. Pedroni.

By: Pedroni, Volnei A.
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookPublisher: Amsterdam: Boston: Elsevier, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 2008Description: xxi, 693 p.: il.; 25 cm.ISBN: 9780123742704 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0123742706 (pbk. : alk. paper).Subject(s): VHDL (LENGUAJE DE DESCRIPCIÓN DE HARDWARE COMPUTACIONAL) | CIRCUITOS INTEGRADOS -- DISEÑO Y CONSTRUCCIÓN -- PROCESAMIENTO DE DATOSDDC classification: 621.392
Contents:
Contents Preface List of enumerated examples and exercises 1 Introduction 1.1 Historical notes 1.2 Analog versus digital 1.3 Bits, bytes, and words 1.4 Digital circuits 1.5 Combinational circuits versus sequential circuits 1.6 Integrated circuits (ICs) 1.7 Printed circuit board (PCB) 1.8 Logic values versus physical values 1.9 Non-programmable, programmable, and hardware-programmable 1.10 Binary waveforms 1.11 DC, AC, and transient responses 1.12 Programmable logic devices (PLDs) 1.13 Circuit synthesis and simulation with VHDL 1.14 Circuit simulation with Spice 1.15 Gate-level versus transistor-level analysis 2 Binary representations 2.1 Binary code 2.2 Octal and hexadecimal codes 2.3 Gray code 2.4 BCD code 2.5 Codes for negative numbers 2.6 Floating-point representation 2.7 ASCII code 2.8 Unicode 2.9 Exercises 3 Binary arithmetic 3.1 Unsigned addition 3.2 Signed addition and subtraction 3.3 Shift operations 3.4 Unsigned multiplication 3.5 Signed multiplication 3.6 Unsigned division 3.7 Signed division 3.8 Floating-point addition and subtraction 3.9 Floating-point multiplication 3.10 Floating-point division 3.11 Exercises 4 Introduction to digital circuits 4.1 Introduction to MOS transistors 4.2 Inverter and CMOS logic 4.3 AND and NAND gates 4.4 OR and NOR gates 4.5 XOR and XNOR gates 4.6 Modulo-2 adder 4.7 Buffer 4.8 Tri-state buffer 4.9 Open-drain buffer 4.10 D-type flip-flop 4.11 Shift register 4.12 Counters 4.13 Pseudo-random sequence generator 4.14 Exercises 5.1 Boolean algebra 5.2 Truth tables 5.3 Minterms and SOP equations 5.4 Maxterms and POS equations 5.5 Standard circuits for SOP and POS equations 5.6 Karnaugh maps 5.7 Large Karnaugh maps 5.8 Other function-simplification techniques 5.9 Propagation delay and glitches 5.10 Exercises 6 Line codes 6.1 The use of line codes 6.2 Parameters and types of line codes 6.3 Unipolar codes 6.4 Polar codes 6.5 Bipolar codes 6.6 Biphase/Manchester codes 6.7 MLT codes 6.8 mB/nB codes 6.9 PAM codes 6.10 Exercises 7 Error-detecting/correcting codes 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Single-parity-check (SPC) codes 7.3 Cyclic redundancy check (CRC) codes 7.4 Hamming codes 7.5 Reed Solomon codes 7.6 Convolutional codes and Viterbi decoder 7.7 Turbo codes 7.8 Low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes 7.9 Exercises 8 Bipolar junction transistor (BJT) 8.1 Semiconductors 8.2 The bipolar junction transistor (BJT) 8.3 I-V characteristics 8.4 DC response 8.5 Transient response 8.6 AC response 8.7 Modern BJTs 8.8 Exercises 9 MOS transistor 9.1 Semiconductors 9.2 The field-effect transistor (MOSFET) 9.3 I-V characteristics 9.4 DC response 9.5 CMOS inverter 9.6 Transient response 9.7 AC response 9.8 Modern MOSFETs 9.9 Exercises 10 Logic families and I/Os Logic architectures and I/Os 10.1 BJT-based logic families 10.2 Diode-transistor logic (DTL) 10.3 Transistor-transistor logic (TTL) 10.4 Emitter-coupled logic (ECL) 10.5 MOS-based logic families 10.6 CMOS logic 10.7 Other static MOS architectures 10.8 Dynamic MOS architectures 10.9 Modern I/O standards 10.10 Exercises 11 Combinational logic circuits 11.1 Combinational versus sequential logic 11.2 Logical versus arithmetic circuits 11.3 Fundamental logic gates 11.4 Compound gates 11.5 Encoders and decoders 11.6 Multiplexer 11.7 Parity detector 11.8 Priority encoder 11.9 Binary sorter 11.10 Barrel shifters 11.11 Non-overlapping clock generators 11.12 Short-pulse generators 11.13 Schmitt triggers 11.14 Memories 11.15 Exercises 11.16 Exercises with VHDL 11.17 Exercises with SPICE 12 Combinational arithmetic circuits 12.1 Arithmetic versus logical functions 12.2 Basic adders 12.3 Fast adders 12.4 Bit-serial adder 12.5 Signed adders/subtracters 12.6 Incrementer, decrementer, and two¿s complementer 12.7 Comparators 12.8 ALU (arithmetic-logic unit) 12.9 Multipliers 12.10 Dividers 12.11 Exercises 12.12 Exercises with VHDL 12.13 Exercises with SPICE 13 Registers 13.1 Sequential versus combinational logic 13.2 SR latch (SRL) 13.3 D latch (DL) 13.4 D flip-flop (DFF) 13.5 Master-slave DFFs 13.6 Pulse-based DFFs 13.7 Dual-edge DFFs 13.8 Statistically low-power DFFs 13.9 DFF control ports 13.10 T flip-flop (TFF) 13.11 Exercises 13.12 Exercises with SPICE 14 Sequential circuits 14.1 Shift registers 14.2 Synchronous counters 14.3 Asynchronous counters 14.4 Signal generators 14.5 Frequency dividers 14.6 PLL and prescalers 14.7 Pseudo-random sequence generators 14.8 Scramblers and descramblers 14.9 Exercises 14.10 Exercises with VHDL 14.11 Exercises with SPICE 15 Finite state machines 15.1 FSM model 15.2 Design of finite state machines 15.3 System resolution and glitches 15.4 Design of large FSMs 15.5 Design of FSMs with complex combinational logic 15.6 Design of symmetric-phase frequency dividers 15.7 FSM encoding styles 15.8 Exercises 15.9 Exercises with VHDL 16 Volatile memories 16.1 Memory types 16.2 SRAM (Static Random Access Memory) 16.3 Dual and Quad Data Rate SRAMs (DDR and QDR) 16.4 DRAM (Dynamic Random Access Memory) 16.5 SDRAM (Synchronous DRAM) 16.6 Dual Data Rate SDRAMs (DDR, DDR2, and DDR3) 16.7 CAM (Content-Addressable Memory) for Cache Memories 16.8 Exercises 17 Non-volatile memories 17.1 Memory types 17.2 MP-ROM (Mask-Programmed ROM) 17.3 OTP ROM (One-Time Programmable ROM or PROM) 17.4 EPROM (Electrically Programmable ROM) 17.5 EEPROM (Electrically Erasable-Programmable ROM) 17.6 Flash memory 17.7 Next generation memories: FRAM, MRAM, PRAM 17.8 Exercises 18 Programmable logic devices (PLDs) 18.1 The concept of programmable logic devices 18.2 SPLDs 18.3 CPLDs 18.4 FPGAs 18.5 Exercises 19 VHDL summary 19.1 About VHDL 19.2 Code structure 19.3 Fundamental VHDL packages 19.4 Pre-defined data types 19.5 User-defined data types 19.6 Operators 19.7 Attributes 19.8 Concurrent versus sequential code 19.9 Concurrent code (WHEN, GENERATE) 19.10 Sequential code (IF, CASE, LOOP, WAIT) 19.11 Objects (CONSTANT, SIGNAL, VARIABLE) 19.12 Packages 19.13 Components 19.14 Functions 19.15 Procedures 19.16 VHDL template for FSMs 19.17 Exercises 20 VHDL design of combinational logic circuits 20.1: Generic address decoder 20.2: BCD-to-SSD conversion function 20.3: Generic multiplexer 20.4: Generic priority encoder 20.5: Design of ROM memory 20.6 Design of Synchronous RAM Memories 20.7 Exercises 21 VHDL design of combinational arithmetic circuits 21.1 Carry-ripple adder 21.2 Carry-lookahead adder 21.3 Signed and unsigned adders / subtracters 21.4 Signed and unsigned multipliers / dividers 21.5 ALU 21.6 Exercises 22 VHDL design of regular sequential circuits 22.1 Shift register with load 22.2 Switch debouncer 22.3 Timer 22.4 Fibonacci series generator 22.5 Frequency meters 22.6 Neural networks 22.7 Exercises 23 VHDL design of state machines 23.1 String detector 23.2 ¿Universal¿ signal generator 23.3 Car alarm 23.4 LCD driver 23.5 Exercises 24 Simulation with VHDL testbenches 24.1 Synthesis versus simulation 24.2 Stimulus generation 24.3 Writing testbenches ¿ part 1 24.4 Writing testbenches ¿ part 2 24.5 Functional simulations 24.6 Timing simulations 24.7 Exercises 25 Simulation with SPICE 25.1 About SPICE 25.2 Types of analysis 25.3 Basic structure of SPICE code 25.4 Declarations of electronic devices 25.5 Declarations of independent DC sources 25.6 Declarations of independent AC sources 25.7 Declarations of dependent sources 25.8 SPICE inputs and outputs 25.9 DC response examples 25.10 Transient response examples 25.11 AC response example 25.12 Subcircuits 25.13 Exercises involving combinational logic circuits 25.14 Exercises involving combinational arithmetic circuits 25.15 Exercises involving registers 25.16 Exercises involving sequential circuits Appendices A ModelSim Tutorial B PSpice Tutorial References Index
Summary: Este libro ofrece una presentación amigable de los principios y prácticas de diseño digital moderno fundamentales. A diferencia de cualquier otro libro en este campo, también se incluyen las implementaciones de nivel de transistor, que permiten a los lectores a obtener una comprensión sólida de bienes potencial y las limitaciones de un circuito, y desarrollar una perspectiva realista en el diseño práctico de circuitos integrados reales. La cobertura incluye la mayor selección disponible de circuitos digitales en todas las categorías (combinatoria, secuencial, lógica o aritmética). La cobertura también incluye técnicas de diseño digitales detalladas, con un debate a fondo en el modelado del estado de la máquina para el análisis y diseño de sistemas secuenciales complejos. Las tecnologías clave utilizados en los circuitos modernos también se describen, incluyendo bipolares, MOS, ROM / RAM, y chips CPLD / FPGA, así como los códigos y técnicas utilizadas en el almacenamiento de datos y la transmisión. Los diseños se ilustran por medio de aplicaciones completas y realistas utilizando VHDL, donde están incluidos el código completo, comentarios y resultados de la simulación.
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LIBRO - MATERIAL GENERAL LIBRO - MATERIAL GENERAL Biblioteca Jorge Álvarez Lleras
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Incluye bibliografía e indices

Contents
Preface
List of enumerated examples and exercises
1 Introduction
1.1 Historical notes
1.2 Analog versus digital
1.3 Bits, bytes, and words
1.4 Digital circuits
1.5 Combinational circuits versus sequential circuits
1.6 Integrated circuits (ICs)
1.7 Printed circuit board (PCB)
1.8 Logic values versus physical values
1.9 Non-programmable, programmable, and hardware-programmable
1.10 Binary waveforms
1.11 DC, AC, and transient responses
1.12 Programmable logic devices (PLDs)
1.13 Circuit synthesis and simulation with VHDL
1.14 Circuit simulation with Spice
1.15 Gate-level versus transistor-level analysis
2 Binary representations
2.1 Binary code
2.2 Octal and hexadecimal codes
2.3 Gray code
2.4 BCD code
2.5 Codes for negative numbers
2.6 Floating-point representation
2.7 ASCII code
2.8 Unicode
2.9 Exercises
3 Binary arithmetic
3.1 Unsigned addition
3.2 Signed addition and subtraction
3.3 Shift operations
3.4 Unsigned multiplication
3.5 Signed multiplication
3.6 Unsigned division
3.7 Signed division
3.8 Floating-point addition and subtraction
3.9 Floating-point multiplication
3.10 Floating-point division
3.11 Exercises
4 Introduction to digital circuits
4.1 Introduction to MOS transistors
4.2 Inverter and CMOS logic
4.3 AND and NAND gates
4.4 OR and NOR gates
4.5 XOR and XNOR gates
4.6 Modulo-2 adder
4.7 Buffer
4.8 Tri-state buffer
4.9 Open-drain buffer
4.10 D-type flip-flop
4.11 Shift register
4.12 Counters
4.13 Pseudo-random sequence generator
4.14 Exercises
5.1 Boolean algebra
5.2 Truth tables
5.3 Minterms and SOP equations
5.4 Maxterms and POS equations
5.5 Standard circuits for SOP and POS equations
5.6 Karnaugh maps
5.7 Large Karnaugh maps
5.8 Other function-simplification techniques
5.9 Propagation delay and glitches
5.10 Exercises
6 Line codes
6.1 The use of line codes
6.2 Parameters and types of line codes
6.3 Unipolar codes
6.4 Polar codes
6.5 Bipolar codes
6.6 Biphase/Manchester codes
6.7 MLT codes
6.8 mB/nB codes
6.9 PAM codes
6.10 Exercises
7 Error-detecting/correcting codes
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Single-parity-check (SPC) codes
7.3 Cyclic redundancy check (CRC) codes
7.4 Hamming codes
7.5 Reed Solomon codes
7.6 Convolutional codes and Viterbi decoder
7.7 Turbo codes
7.8 Low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes
7.9 Exercises
8 Bipolar junction transistor (BJT)
8.1 Semiconductors
8.2 The bipolar junction transistor (BJT)
8.3 I-V characteristics
8.4 DC response
8.5 Transient response
8.6 AC response
8.7 Modern BJTs
8.8 Exercises
9 MOS transistor
9.1 Semiconductors
9.2 The field-effect transistor (MOSFET)
9.3 I-V characteristics
9.4 DC response
9.5 CMOS inverter
9.6 Transient response
9.7 AC response
9.8 Modern MOSFETs
9.9 Exercises
10 Logic families and I/Os Logic architectures and I/Os
10.1 BJT-based logic families
10.2 Diode-transistor logic (DTL)
10.3 Transistor-transistor logic (TTL)
10.4 Emitter-coupled logic (ECL)
10.5 MOS-based logic families
10.6 CMOS logic
10.7 Other static MOS architectures
10.8 Dynamic MOS architectures
10.9 Modern I/O standards
10.10 Exercises
11 Combinational logic circuits
11.1 Combinational versus sequential logic
11.2 Logical versus arithmetic circuits
11.3 Fundamental logic gates
11.4 Compound gates
11.5 Encoders and decoders
11.6 Multiplexer
11.7 Parity detector
11.8 Priority encoder
11.9 Binary sorter
11.10 Barrel shifters
11.11 Non-overlapping clock generators
11.12 Short-pulse generators
11.13 Schmitt triggers
11.14 Memories
11.15 Exercises
11.16 Exercises with VHDL
11.17 Exercises with SPICE
12 Combinational arithmetic circuits
12.1 Arithmetic versus logical functions
12.2 Basic adders
12.3 Fast adders
12.4 Bit-serial adder
12.5 Signed adders/subtracters
12.6 Incrementer, decrementer, and two¿s complementer
12.7 Comparators
12.8 ALU (arithmetic-logic unit)
12.9 Multipliers
12.10 Dividers
12.11 Exercises
12.12 Exercises with VHDL
12.13 Exercises with SPICE
13 Registers
13.1 Sequential versus combinational logic
13.2 SR latch (SRL)
13.3 D latch (DL)
13.4 D flip-flop (DFF)
13.5 Master-slave DFFs
13.6 Pulse-based DFFs
13.7 Dual-edge DFFs
13.8 Statistically low-power DFFs
13.9 DFF control ports
13.10 T flip-flop (TFF)
13.11 Exercises
13.12 Exercises with SPICE
14 Sequential circuits
14.1 Shift registers
14.2 Synchronous counters
14.3 Asynchronous counters
14.4 Signal generators
14.5 Frequency dividers
14.6 PLL and prescalers
14.7 Pseudo-random sequence generators
14.8 Scramblers and descramblers
14.9 Exercises
14.10 Exercises with VHDL
14.11 Exercises with SPICE
15 Finite state machines
15.1 FSM model
15.2 Design of finite state machines
15.3 System resolution and glitches
15.4 Design of large FSMs
15.5 Design of FSMs with complex combinational logic
15.6 Design of symmetric-phase frequency dividers
15.7 FSM encoding styles
15.8 Exercises
15.9 Exercises with VHDL
16 Volatile memories
16.1 Memory types
16.2 SRAM (Static Random Access Memory)
16.3 Dual and Quad Data Rate SRAMs (DDR and QDR)
16.4 DRAM (Dynamic Random Access Memory)
16.5 SDRAM (Synchronous DRAM)
16.6 Dual Data Rate SDRAMs (DDR, DDR2, and DDR3)
16.7 CAM (Content-Addressable Memory) for Cache Memories
16.8 Exercises
17 Non-volatile memories
17.1 Memory types
17.2 MP-ROM (Mask-Programmed ROM)
17.3 OTP ROM (One-Time Programmable ROM or PROM)
17.4 EPROM (Electrically Programmable ROM)
17.5 EEPROM (Electrically Erasable-Programmable ROM)
17.6 Flash memory
17.7 Next generation memories: FRAM, MRAM, PRAM
17.8 Exercises
18 Programmable logic devices (PLDs)
18.1 The concept of programmable logic devices
18.2 SPLDs
18.3 CPLDs
18.4 FPGAs
18.5 Exercises
19 VHDL summary
19.1 About VHDL
19.2 Code structure
19.3 Fundamental VHDL packages
19.4 Pre-defined data types
19.5 User-defined data types
19.6 Operators
19.7 Attributes
19.8 Concurrent versus sequential code
19.9 Concurrent code (WHEN, GENERATE)
19.10 Sequential code (IF, CASE, LOOP, WAIT)
19.11 Objects (CONSTANT, SIGNAL, VARIABLE)
19.12 Packages
19.13 Components
19.14 Functions
19.15 Procedures
19.16 VHDL template for FSMs
19.17 Exercises
20 VHDL design of combinational logic circuits
20.1: Generic address decoder
20.2: BCD-to-SSD conversion function
20.3: Generic multiplexer
20.4: Generic priority encoder
20.5: Design of ROM memory
20.6 Design of Synchronous RAM Memories
20.7 Exercises

21 VHDL design of combinational arithmetic circuits
21.1 Carry-ripple adder
21.2 Carry-lookahead adder
21.3 Signed and unsigned adders / subtracters
21.4 Signed and unsigned multipliers / dividers
21.5 ALU
21.6 Exercises
22 VHDL design of regular sequential circuits
22.1 Shift register with load
22.2 Switch debouncer
22.3 Timer
22.4 Fibonacci series generator
22.5 Frequency meters
22.6 Neural networks
22.7 Exercises
23 VHDL design of state machines
23.1 String detector
23.2 ¿Universal¿ signal generator
23.3 Car alarm
23.4 LCD driver
23.5 Exercises
24 Simulation with VHDL testbenches
24.1 Synthesis versus simulation
24.2 Stimulus generation
24.3 Writing testbenches ¿ part 1
24.4 Writing testbenches ¿ part 2
24.5 Functional simulations
24.6 Timing simulations
24.7 Exercises
25 Simulation with SPICE
25.1 About SPICE
25.2 Types of analysis
25.3 Basic structure of SPICE code
25.4 Declarations of electronic devices
25.5 Declarations of independent DC sources
25.6 Declarations of independent AC sources
25.7 Declarations of dependent sources
25.8 SPICE inputs and outputs
25.9 DC response examples
25.10 Transient response examples
25.11 AC response example
25.12 Subcircuits
25.13 Exercises involving combinational logic circuits
25.14 Exercises involving combinational arithmetic circuits
25.15 Exercises involving registers
25.16 Exercises involving sequential circuits
Appendices
A ModelSim Tutorial
B PSpice Tutorial
References
Index

Este libro ofrece una presentación amigable de los principios y prácticas de diseño digital moderno fundamentales. A diferencia de cualquier otro libro en este campo, también se incluyen las implementaciones de nivel de transistor, que permiten a los lectores a obtener una comprensión sólida de bienes potencial y las limitaciones de un circuito, y desarrollar una perspectiva realista en el diseño práctico de circuitos integrados reales. La cobertura incluye la mayor selección disponible de circuitos digitales en todas las categorías (combinatoria, secuencial, lógica o aritmética). La cobertura también incluye técnicas de diseño digitales detalladas, con un debate a fondo en el modelado del estado de la máquina para el análisis y diseño de sistemas secuenciales complejos. Las tecnologías clave utilizados en los circuitos modernos también se describen, incluyendo bipolares, MOS, ROM / RAM, y chips CPLD / FPGA, así como los códigos y técnicas utilizadas en el almacenamiento de datos y la transmisión. Los diseños se ilustran por medio de aplicaciones completas y realistas utilizando VHDL, donde están incluidos el código completo, comentarios y resultados de la simulación.

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